Top 5 popular temples and pagodas in Hanoi Capital

Top 5 popular temples and pagodas in Hanoi Capital

Hanoi capital with a history of over one thousand years is home to a lot of historical sites and ancient works. 

Visiting these temples is a good chance for you to understand more about the religious culture and architecture of this place.

Below are the most popular temples and pagodas for your trip there.

The 5 most famous temples in Hanoi

  1. Bach Ma Temple
  2. Tran Quoc Pagoda
  3. One Pillar Pagoda
  4. Ly Quoc Su Pagoda
  5. Ngoc Son Temple

Bach Ma Temple

Bach Ma Temple is one of the four towns of the ancient Thang Long Citadel, located at 76 Hang Buom Street, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi.

The temple was built in the 9th century to worship Long Do (Dragon's belly button) - the original god of ancient Hanoi.

Bach Ma Temple is a large temple, restored by many dynasties. The temple is built in the shape of "Three". The outside area is an eight-roofed house, a three-story shrine, and more than 13 non-monuments. Textures are arranged on the doorways close to the architectural style of the family at the Assembly Hall of Guangdong in Hoi An.

Entering the temple, visitors will admire the architectural structure of the entire wooden frame with a large ironwood column system.

Bach Ma Temple

Bach Ma Temple

In addition, Bach Ma temple also retains many ancient valuable relics such as the horizontal diaphragm "Dong Tran Linh Tu", Long ngai's altar, worshiping statues including chains, knives, and statues. which are sophisticatedly carved.

Tran Quoc Pagoda

Located in the east of West Lake, Tran Quoc Pagoda with an age of more than 1500 years is the oldest and most sacred temple in Hanoi.

Tran Quoc Pagoda was originally named Khai Quoc Pagoda, built in 541 under the Ly Dynasty.

The pagoda changed its name to Tran Quoc pagoda in the reign of King Le Hy Tong (1681 - 1705) with the meaning of hoping to bring peaceful life to the whole people.

Formerly, Tran Quoc Pagoda was the Buddhist center of Thang Long Citadel. Ly and Tran kings still used to come here for sightseeing and worship offerings on holidays and Tet. 

Currently, the temple also maintains many valuable Buddha and Bodhisattva statues which are mainly located in Upper Palace. The most prominent is the statue of Sakyamuni Buddha, which is made from wood, painted with a golden card, a beautiful statue of Nirvana in Vietnam.

Tran Quoc Pagoda

Tran Quoc Pagoda

One Pillar Pagoda

Located in the heart of Hanoi, near Ho Chi Minh Museum, One Pillar Pagoda along with Khue Van Cac is one of the oldest cultural and historical relics, a symbol of the thousand-year capital.

One Pillar Pagoda (also known as Mat Pagoda, Dien Huu Tu or Lien Hoa Dai) has a unique architecture with a square structure on a stone pillar. It is a special architectural point for the temple to become one of the attractive tourist spots in Hanoi.

Dien Huu Pagoda began construction in the 10th month of the lunar calendar, in 1049 under King Ly Thai Tong. In 1105, King Ly Nhan Tong renovated and expanded the pagoda to become a large architectural complex corresponding to Linh Chieu Lake and added a gold-plated lotus on the top of the column. Inside the lotus building is a purple temple with the image of a god bird at the roof. There is a gilded statue of Buddha Avalokitesvara inside.

One Pillar Pagoda

One Pillar Pagoda

Ly Quoc Su Pagoda

Ly Quoc Su Pagoda is one of the oldest temples in Hanoi that still holds many precious antiques. The pagoda is a highlight of the past and present interference, a quiet space in the city.

The layout, exquisite architecture with unique carved patterns, Buddha statues, Arhat statues, with quiet bells and the faint aroma of fresh flower beds, are very impressive.

With many ups and downs of the history, the temple no longer retains the appearance of the beginning even though it has been preserved. There are still traces of two major repairs. The typical relics left are a very sophisticated stone statuary statue system: Minh Khong's parents, the statue of Zen monk Tu Dao Hanh and Zen monk Giac Hai. These are not only precious sculptures but also typical products in the treasure of Vietnamese sculpture art.

Ly Quoc Su Pagoda

Ly Quoc Su Pagoda

Ngoc Son Temple

Ngoc Son Temple is located on Ngoc Island right in the heart of Hoan Kiem Lake. The temple was built in the 19th century. Once upon a time, it was a temple of the Emperor to suppress evil. After that, this place was changed into a temple to worship Buddha, finally restored to the temple as it is today.

Outside Ngoc Son temple, you will be impressed with Pen Tower. The tower was built on Mount Ngoc Boi, formerly known as Doc Ton mountain in 1865, according to the idea of Nguyen Van Sieu. The Pen Tower is engraved with 3 words "Ta Thanh Thien" - meaning "Write on the blue sky".

We hope that after reading this post, you can understand more about the religious culture of Vietnamese people. For more information about traveling to Asia, you can visit our website. If you find this article useful, please share with others. Thank you!!!